Neuropathy is a basic term signifying disruptions in the typical functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are different and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other encouraging procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are primarily treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is because of malfunctioning absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and minimize the symptoms and in many cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent signs regardless of treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has actually also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the response varies and might take lots of months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. Again, each neuropathy is special and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but most are irreparable. Rigorous control of blood glucose levels to slow the further progression is of vital significance. Other treatment is based on the symptoms, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy. Neuropathy may likewise be because of harmful effect of particular drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, anti-Cancer drugs and many others. Treatment in this case is mainly discontinuation of the drug or dosage decrease. There may be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can normally be prevented by giving pyridoxine in addition to it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging steps to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the here nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy.